"BharatiyaAFIS" (Bharatiya Automated Fingerprint Identification System)

C-DAC BharatiyaAFIS refers to a family of Software Development Kits (SDKs) & Systems: BharatiyaAFIS SuiteTM to offer a much improved accuracy and high-performance fingerprint identification for Government agencies. The products are in full compliance with international standards, viz. ISO/IEC 19794-2:2005, ISO/IEC 19794-4:2005, ANSI INCITS 378-2004, ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2007, ILO-SID. The high precision is achieved with the help of fingerprint's Level III features (pores, ridge contours, edgeoscopic features: the intricate details of the friction ridges). This project was initially funded by Department of Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Govt. of India.

The BharatiyaAFIS Suite comprises:

  • C-DAC BiometricSDK (General Purpose SDK)
  • C-DAC ILO-SID BiometricSDK (for Seafares Identity Documents)
  • C-DAC BharatiyaAFIS-II (AFIS based on Level I and II features)
  • C-DAC BharatiyaAFIS-III (AFIS based on Level I, II and III features)*
  • C-DAC Fingerprint Attendance System
  • C-DAC Standardized Template Converter
  • C-DAC Fingerprint Image Quality Assessment Tool
  • C-DAC Fingerprint Slap Segmentation Tool
  • C-DAC Fingerprint (Latent) Image Processing Toolset
  • C-DAC Automated Performance Evaluation Tool
As everywhere in the world, in India too, biometric-based security is being given the top priority for addressing the following serious concerns/issues/threats:
  • Multiple enrollments in electoral, welfare, driver licensing or similar systems.
  • Ill-legal immigrants, cross border terrorism.
  • Lack of background checks for job applicants for highly sensitive posts and educational personnel.
  • The emergence of biometrics technology in India has witnessed the engagement of a diverse set of global players, each with their own agenda and role.
  • Overall weak preparedness and privacy technologies at security prone areas such as air/sea ports, banks, offices, etc.

Patents:

Sr.No. Patents (Pending) Patent Application Number Complete Specification Filling
1 Minutiae-based Robust Matcher and Fingerprint Authentication System. (Complete Specification Filed) 1303/MUM/2011 19/04/2012
2 A Robust Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) based on Cascaded Quality Checks and Multiple Feature Sets at Three Levels. (Complete Specification Filed) 1302/MUM/2011 24/04/2012
3 Automated Analytical Tools for Images. (Complete Specification Filed) 3011/MUM/2011 25/10/2012
4 System and Method for Fingerprint Template Conversion. (Complete Specification Filed) 3012/MUM/2011 25/10/2012
5 System and Method of Automated Fingerprint Image Quality Assessment. (Complete Specification Filed) 3553/MUM/2011 18/12/2012
6 System and Method for Segmentation of Slap Fingerprints. (Complete Specification Filed) 1398/MUM/2012 07/05/2013

Journals Papers:

Sr.No. Papers Journal/Conference Date
1 "Standardized Biometric Templates in Indian Scenario: Interoperability Issues and Solutions" (Best Paper Award). IJCCT
International Journal of Computer & Communication Technology, Volume-2, Issue-VIII, 2011, pp. 113-120.
Nov. 2011
2 "Multistage Detection and Elimination of Spurious Singular Points in Degraded Fingerprints" (IJCSIS Best Paper Award). IJCSIS
ISSN (online): 1947-5500
The International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, Vol. 9, No.5, May 2011 pp.276-283.
May 2011
3 "A Cascaded Fingerprint Quality Assessment Scheme for Improved System Accuracy" IJCSI
ISSN (online): 1694-0814
International Journal of Computer Science, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp.449-455, Mar. 2011.
March 2011
4 "Fusion Approach for Fingerprint Matching for Improved System Accuracy" IJCSI
ISSN (online): 1694-0814
International Journal of Computer Science, Vol. 8, No. 2, 583-589, Mar. 2011.
March 2011
5 "A Fault-Tolerant Approach for Detection of Singular Points in Noisy Fingerprint Images" IJCSI
ISSN (online): 1694-0814
International Journal of Computer Science, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 577-582, Mar. 2011.
March 2011
6 Automated Fingerprint Identification System: Recognition Techniques & Algorithmic Approaches - A Review (Volume I). Techno-Path
ISSN: 0975-525X, Journal of Science, Engineering & Technology Management
July 2010
7 Automated Fingerprint Identification System: Recognition Techniques & Algorithmic Approaches - A Review(Volume II). Techno-Path
ISSN: 0975-525X, Journal of Science, Engineering & Technology Management
December 2010

International/National Conferences:

Sr. No. Research Papers Conference/Seminar Date
1 Aadhaar-enabled Biometric Authentication/Identification Scheme for Unifying Citizen Services and National Security. International Conference on Indian Biometric Scenario - Realization of Opportunity on Experience of UID India, New Delhi - September 2011. September 2011
2 Seafarers' Identity Documents: Towards Fraud Prevention and National Security International Conference on Trends in e-Payments - Challenges and Opportunities, Mumbai. September 2010
3 A Novel Scheme for Sweat-Pore Extraction & Performance Evaluation on Multi-Core. IEEE International Conference on Electronics and Information Engineering (ICEIE), Kyoto, Japan, 2010.
IEEE Catalog Number: CFP1036K-PRT
ISBN: 978-1-4244-7680-0
August 201
4 Sweat Pores-based (Level 3) Novel Fingerprint Quality Estimation. IEEE International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology (ICCSIT), Chengdu, China, 2010.
IEEE Catalog Number: CFP1057E-PRT.
ISBN: 978-1-4244-5537-9
July 2010
5 Hierarchical Fingerprint Quality Estimation Scheme. "IEEE International Conference on Computer Design and Applications (ICCDA 2010)", Qinhuangdao, Hebei, China.
ICCDA 2010
IEEE Catalog Number: CFP1093G-PRT
ISBN: 978-1-4244-7163-8
June 2010
6 Inter-domain Quality Estimation of Fingerprint Images. International Conference on "Image and Video Processing and Computer Vision (IVPCV-10)", Orlando, Florida, USA. July 2010
7 "Automated Fingerprint Identification System: Issues & Trends". National/Asia-Pacific Regional Conference in ICTM-2010 on "Innovations in ICT and Technology Management", SVKM's NMIMS (Deemed-to-be University), Mumbai, India. March 2010
8 "Automated Fingerprint Identification System: Architectures, Sensors, and Standards". National/Asia-Pacific Regional Conference in ICTM - 2010 on "Innovations in ICT and Technology Management", SVKM's NMIMS (Deemed-to-be University), Mumbai, India. March 2010
9 "Bharatiya-AFIS: An Architectural Framework for UID Applications". International Conference on "Spin-offs of Unique and National ID to Smartcard, RFID, Biometrics and e-Security Stakeholders", New Delhi, India. September 2009
10 Work-in-Progress paper on a biometric project: "Bharatiya-AFIS". National Conference on "Computational Intelligence, Security and Systems 2009 (NAC-CISS'09)", Sona College of Technology, Salem, Tamil Nadu. April 2009
11 Novel Applications of Biometrics and Interdisciplinary Technologies for the "Visually Impaired/Old Age/Deaf & Hard of Hearing". International Conference on Biometrics (Biometrics India Expo 2008), New Delhi August 2008

Technical Workshops (Biometrics):

Sr. No. Workshops
1 A presentation related to Certification of Iris and Fingerprint Devices, in the Iris Workshop conducted by UIDAI on 19th Nov. 2012, Bengaluru.
2 Large-scale Automated Fingerprint Identification System (C-DAC's BharatiyaAFIS for Aadhaar Authentication: A Case Study & Demonstration), September 19, 2011, New Delhi. (International Workshop).
3 Large-scale Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (L-BIMS 2011), January 20-21, 2011, Navi Mumbai. (International Workshop).
4 Biometric Authentication, JUHU Office, C-DAC, November 18, 2009, Mumbai.

Awards:

Group: BIOMETRICS

Contact details of the Project In charge:

  • Sweta Suhasaria (swetas[at]cdac[dot]in)

Team Members:

  • Anamika Singh (anamika[at]cdac[dot]in)
  • Pratibha Mokal (pratibha[at]cdac[dot]in)
  • VarunKrishnan (varuntk[at]cdac[dot]in)
  • Nikhil Rajput (nikhilr@[at]cdac[dot]in)


Contact Address :

C-DAC
Gulmohar Cross Road No.9 , Juhu
Mumbai 400 049
Tel :26201606