Automated Hydroponics System

Automated Hydroponics System

Enabling Soilless Cultivation

(Available for Transfer of Technology)

Hydroponics is a method of cultivation, where plants are grown in soilless media using water and nutrient mixture. It kindles a hope for food production in non-agricultural lands as well as in urban areas. In this system, water mixed with minerals and nutrients is exposed directly to the roots of the plant that can be supported by various media like coco-peat, perlite etc.

C-DAC, Mohali with support from MeitY, Govt. of India, has developed a Continuous Flow Automated Hydroponics System. It is installed at Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (HP). It has been successfully tested for production of lettuce, strawberry, Broccoli and Cauliflower.

Hydroponics Advantages:
Automated Hydroponics System
  • A water efficient method of cultivation
  • Optimal use and reuse of nutrients and minerals
  • Freedom from Soil born diseases/infections/weeds/pests
  • Faster growth rate of crop than traditional farming
  • Amiable to cultivation in areas with water shortage or lacking soil-cover
  • Suitable for farming on ships/floating gardens, roof top farming in urban areas
  • A precursor to vertical farming
  • Farming in Smart Cities
  • Roof-top Farming
  • Farming on Ships
  • R&D on Plant’s breeds in Labs
  • R&D on Roots and their growth (access to roots are possible in hydroponics system)
Jalkrishi - The Automated Hydroponics System from C-DAC

The installed system is a closed loop control system with graphical interface & programmability. It involves calculated flow of nutrients and water in a five layered mixing tank. The solution is pumped into the gullies where plants are grown with suitable supporting cups. The roots of the plants directly absorb water and minerals. Overflowing solution is collected in recycle tank and is pumped back to mixing tank for reuse. The temperature, pH and conductivity of the solution can be monitored simultaneously for control. The automation enables easy graphical user interface based programmable timing control and other monitoring of system. The system can be scaled as per requirement to add new features.

Features of C-DAC Hydroponics System:
  • Indigenously developed low cost automated hydroponics system
  • Continuous monitoring of solution temperature, pH and conductivity
  • SMS Alerts/Query, Alarm, report generation and data logging with graphical representation
  • User friendly touch screen based Graphical User Interface
  • GUI based Programmable control parameters
  • Crop based Management System
  • Use of five layered tanks for mixing and water
  • Remote monitoring using SMS
System Specifications:
  • EC: 0.55 to 500,000 µS/cm ±5
  • pH: 0 – 14 pH ±1
  • Temperature Monitoring
  • 1 HP pumps for nutrient mix flow
  • Poly-house Dim.: 15 x 7 x 4 meters (L x W x H)
  • No. of Gullies installed: 16
  • Inverter backup for power failure

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(File Type: PDF, File Size: 445 KB, Date: 22/05/2017)

Designed and Developed By:
Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Mohali, Punjab
In Collaboration with
Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan (H.P)

Funded By:
MeitY, New Delhi, Govt. of India

Tel. No. 0172-2237052-57, 6619000,
Fax: +91-172-2237050